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Tropical Aquatic and Soil Pollution

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. , Vol. 2 Iss. 2 (2022) – 5 articles

			View Vol. 2 Iss. 2 (2022)
Published: 14 December 2022
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The Levels of Heavy Metals in the Soil of Illegal Open Dumpsites in Malaysia
by Kuok Ho Daniel Tang, Zhu Hang Goh

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. 2022, 2(2), pp 109-125;

This study aims to understand the soil impacts of illegal dumpsites in Malaysia through quantifying the heavy metals in the soil of two dumpsites, one receiving construction waste and the other receiving municipal solid waste. Five soil samples were collected from each dumpsite, and sampling was repeated in the second week to examine the temporal changes in the levels of heavy metals. All sampling was conducted in triplicates. The soil samples were sieved, dried, and digested with aqua regia at 70 °C, after which the digested mixtures were filtered. The filtrates were diluted and tested with an atomic absorption spectrophotometer for heavy metals. Full text

Downstream Effects of Industrial Effluents Discharge on Some Physicochemical Parameters and Water Quality Index of River Rido, Kaduna State, Nigeria
by Ali Williams Butu, Chukwudi Nnaemeka Emeribe, Ijeoma Obianuju Muoka, Oluchi Favour Emeribe, Emmanuel Temiotan Ogbomida

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. 2022, 2(2), pp 90-108;

The effects of industrial effluent discharge on the water quality of River Rido in Kaduna South, Kaduna State, were examined. These include the Northern Noodles discharge point, the Kaduna Refinery discharge point, and points downstream of the River Rido. An interval of 100m between sampling points was established to achieve an even representation of sampling points. The physico-chemical parameters investigated include pH, free dissolved carbon dioxide, alkalinity, hardness, sodium, electrical conductivity, Turbidity, total suspended solids, total phosphate, nitrate, sulfate, and dissolved oxygen. Mean levels of turbidity Total suspended solids and total phosphate at effluent discharge points, as well as in most areas downstream of the study area, were generally above permissible limits for drinking water. Statistical differences were observed in the concentration levels of investigated parameters between the control point and effluent discharge points, as well as between the control point and areas downstream of the study area. However, concentration levels were observed to be similar between discharge points and areas downstream of the study area, an indication of contamination downstream by effluent discharge upstream. Notwithstanding, the water quality index of physico-chemical parameters at both effluent discharge points and areas downstream of River Rido shows that the quality of the river ranged from good to excellent at effluent discharge points and areas downstream of River Rido, respectively. This might be attributed to the effect of dilution from rainfall. It is therefore recommended that wastewater effluent from the refinery and northern noodles be properly treated before discharged into the study area. Full text

Investigating The Effects Of Solid Waste Dumps On Surrounding Soil And Ground Water Quality Around Umuwaya Road (Isi-Gate) Umuahia, Abia State
by Onyekwere Precious, Chioma Nwakanma

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. 2022, 2(2), pp 126-133;

An increase in industrialization, urbanization, and the rising demand for food and other essentials for human sustainability leads to a rise in the amount of waste being generated daily by individuals, communities, and nations if not properly managed. In Abia State, particularly at the central entrance into the city of Umuahia, generated waste is eventually thrown into open dumps, causing a severe impact on soil, surface and ground water quality. As a result, it has become a probable source of human health risk. Therefore, this study was aimed at investigating the effect of solid waste dumps on surrounding soil and groundwater quality in Umuwaya Road, Nigeria. Three soil samples and three groundwater samples were collected and analyzed. Heavy metals from soil and groundwater were measured by using flame atomic absorption spectroscopy. The physicochemical properties of the soil and water samples were also determined following standards. The data was analyzed using the descriptive SPSS statistical package. The concentration of heavy metals in soil samples revealed copper (0.01±0.00–0.26±0.07), cadmium (0.00±0.00–0.18±0.01), lead (0.03±0.01–0.40±0.03), iron (0.06±0.01–0.58± 0.02) and zinc (0.02±0.01–0.20± 0.04). All the water parameters and heavy metals screened in the samples were within the World Health Organization (WHO) and Nigeria Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ) permissible limits, respectively. It is recommended that indiscriminate waste disposal should be prohibited completely in the capital city. Waste reduction, recycling, and reuse must be promoted by the citizens of the state for a sustainable future. Full text

Sediment Suspension Distribution Models in East Canal Flood Estuary Waters, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
by Alyssa Hutasuhut, Aris Ismanto, Baskoro Rochaddi, Lilik Maslukah, Rikha Widiaratih

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. 2022, 2(2), pp 76-89;

The study was carried out in Semarang City, Central Java, Indonesia, along the East Canal Flood River. There are several community activities that produce some pollutants and total suspended solids (TSS) was one of the elements is. The river transports these pollutants to the estuary. These coastal regions provide exceptional life support for creatures. This study attempts to determine the concentration value of suspended solids, its suitability to the pollution threshold value, and the distribution pattern of the sediment suspension based on hydrodynamic parameters, using the Delft3D program. This study estimated the distribution of sediment suspensions by not only describing conditions at a single point in time, but also representing seasonal conditions periodically. The concentration ranges between 0.04 kg/m3 and 0.06 kg/m3, making it good for aquaculture, marine tourism, and conservation. At high tide, the dispersion of suspended sediment leads to the land; at low tide, it leads to the sea. This study can be utilized as a supplement to prior research, which mainly consisted simply of sediment suspension distribution maps. Full text

Characteristics of Microplastic in Commercial Aquatic Organisms
by Risky Ayu Kristanti, Wei Lin Wong, Yeti Darmayati, Ariani Hatmanti, Nilam Fadmaulidha Wulandari, Mada Triandala Sibero, Nur Fitriah Afianti, Erika Hernandes, Flavio Lopez-Martinez

Trop. Aqua. Soil Pollut. 2022, 2(2), pp 134-158;

This study aims to review the occurrence of microplastics in some commercial aquatic organisms. Microplastics are small plastic particles with a diameter of less than 5 mm. Effluent, stormwater, agricultural, and surface runoff introduce microplastic to freshwater basins. Hydrodynamics and hydrology encompass microplastics. River flow speed can cause turbulence and riverbed instability, increasing microplastic concentrations. Fish, shellfish, and crustaceans ingest microplastics in proportion to their quantity in freshwater and marine environments. Human activities cause variations in the form, color, and size of microplastics in the biota. Animals absorb microplastics through trophic transfer. Increased microplastic residence time before ingestion promotes trophic transmission. Lower food concentration and aggregation enhance microplastic retention in zooplankton guts, increasing transmission to higher-trophic-level species. Most studies show that microplastics in biota are discovered in fish and crustacean intestines and bivalve tissues. Microplastic buildup can disrupt live organisms' growth and reproduction, induce oxidative stress, obstruct the digestive system, and damage the intestine. Microplastics may harm people's health if they eat contaminated seafood that contains them, but more research is needed. Full text