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Open Access Review

Scenario of Municipal Waste Management in Malaysia

by Zachary Raphael Liew 1 , Minhaj Uddin Monir 2 , Risky Ayu Kristanti 3
1 Department of Civil Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Science, Curtin University, CDT 250, Miri, 98009, Sarawak, Malaysia
2 Department of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Jashore University of Science and Technology, Jashore-7408, Bangladesh
3 Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta, 14430, Indonesia

SUBMITTED: 26 November 2021; ACCEPTED: 19 December 2021; PUBLISHED: 20 December 2021

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Abstract

Abstract

Malaysia has rapidly modernized, with most of the population now residing in cities and the remainder in rural or remote areas. The amount of municipal solid waste generated has increased in tandem with the country's rapid urbanization in response to that statement. Due to a lack of connectivity in rural areas, there may be insufficient infrastructure for a proper waste management system. As a result, illegal waste dumping was common, and landfills' massive volumes of waste may contribute to greenhouse gas emissions. The Malaysian government has responded by taking the necessary steps to upgrade the country's current waste management system in order to better manage municipal solid waste disposal. This research looks at how energy recovery from accumulated waste can be used as a renewable energy source, as well as the current issues, challenges, and proposed solutions. Methane gas produced as a byproduct of waste decomposition in landfills or disposal sites was used to generate electricity more efficiently and sustainably, resulting in a positive economic and environmental outcome.

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License
© 2021 Zachary Raphael Liew, Minhaj Uddin Monir, Risky Ayu Kristanti. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Liew, Z. R., Monir, M. U., & Kristanti, R. A. (2021). Scenario of Municipal Waste Management in Malaysia. Industrial and Domestic Waste Management, 1(1), 41–47. https://doi.org/10.53623/idwm.v1i1.50
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