Industrial and Domestic Waste Management
Industrial and Domestic Waste Management (e-ISSN: 2809-4255) is an international, scientific, peer-reviewed, open access journal on theoretical and applied sciences related to industrial and domestic waste management, covering sustainability, technologies, and environmental practices, published biannually online by Society of Tropical Science and Technology & Tecno Scientifica.
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A Review on Pollutants Found in Drinking Water in Sub-Sahara African Rural Communities: Detection and Potential Low-cost Remediation Methods
Ind. Domest. Waste Manag. 2022, 3(2), pp 67-89; https://doi.org/10.53623/idwm.v3i2.26456 views
Abstract Water is the most essential substance that supports various life mechanisms. It is a fundamental and necessary requirement for mankind and all other living creatures on the planet. Therefore, daily drinking water should be clean, readily available, sufficient, and free from harmful substances. However, in many rural areas, most sources of drinking water are assumed to be safe for human consumption, but this is not always the case. This work aims to provide a review of pollutants found in the drinking water of Sub-Saharan rural communities and explore potential low-cost remediation methods. The assessment of water pollutants and their remediation methods has been the primary focus of research for several years. Additionally, the World Health Organisation has established various minimum standards regarding the concentration of common pollutants in water. This review presents the major sources of water, the origin of contaminants, the different types of pollutants, and remediation methods to enhance the current knowledge in the field of rural drinking water contaminants.[...] Read more. Full text
Ind. Domest. Waste Manag. 2022, 3(2), pp 90-102; https://doi.org/10.53623/idwm.v3i2.29115 views
Abstract Microplastics have permeated all parts of the environment, rendering their removal essential. Numerous strategies ranging from the physical removal of mismanaged plastic items to the biodegradation of microplastics with microorganisms and biocatalysts have been proposed to alleviate microplastic pollution. Phytoremediation is one of the plastic-removing strategies, but it has not received much attention. This perspective paper aims to review the phytoremediation of microplastics and discuss its practicality. The paper shows that plants could act as interceptors and a temporary sink of microplastics by facilitating their deposition, adsorbing them, trapping them in the root zone, enabling them to cluster on the roots, taking them up, translocating them, and accumulating them in various plant parts. However, there was a lack of evidence pointing to the degradation of microplastics after they were adsorbed, taken up, and stored. Weak adsorption and environmental factors may cause the trapped microplastics to desorb, resuspend, or evade, thus also making plants a source of microplastics. The microplastics trapped and accumulated in plants may be transferred to the higher trophic levels of the food chain through ingestion and raise concerns over their ecotoxicities. Unlike localized pollution, microplastic pollution is widespread, which limits the applicability of phytoremediation. Besides, microplastics could adversely impact plant health and the ability of plants to remove other environmental pollutants. These drawbacks may reduce the attractiveness of phytoremediation unless it can be effectively combined with bioremediation to degrade microplastics.[...] Read more. Full text