Civil and Sustainable Urban Engineering
Civil and Sustainable Urban Engineering (e-ISSN: 2808-9200) is an international, scientific, peer-reviewed, open-access journal on all aspects of basic and applied research involving three important divisions of Civil Engineering, Construction Management, and Urban Engineering published biannually online (June and December) by Society of Tropical Science and Technology & Tecno Scientifica.
- Open Access — free for readers and authors, with no article processing charges (APC).
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- Rapid publication: manuscripts are peer-reviewed and a first decision is provided to authors approximately 3 weeks after submission.
Maintenance Management Practices and Factors Affecting Maintenance of Private University Buildings in Ogun State Nigeria
Civil Sustain. Urban Eng. 2023, 3(2), pp 112-122; https://doi.org/10.53623/csue.v3i2.25861 views
Abstract Building maintenance management is an efficient and viable technique used for addressing issues with construction's upkeep. Nigerian tertiary institutions have been accused of lacking maintenance culture. Meanwhile, quality and sustainable education is delivered when educational buildings are adequately maintained. The present study seeks to investigate the factors affecting maintenance management of private university buildings in Ogun state Nigeria. Questionnaire survey was utilized as a research instrument to gather information from the maintenance personnel within private universities in Ogun state, Nigeria. The data analysis techniques used were descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that use of poor quality components and materials,no adoption of appropriate maintenance cycle for building maintenance, lack of discernable maintenance culture in the country, and inadequate training and development of maintenance personnel are the top most four factors affecting maintenance management of private university buildings in Ogun state, Nigeria. The study provides insights into the factors affecting maintenance management of university buildings. An understanding of these factors would help tertiary institutions and maintenance personnel facilitate the development of strategies required in minimizing the factors affecting maintenance management practices in tertiary institutions.[...] Read more. Full text
Inhibitors to Earth-based Materials Adoption in Urban Housing Construction: The View of Design Experts
Civil Sustain. Urban Eng. 2023, 3(2), pp 123-137; https://doi.org/10.53623/csue.v3i2.32922 views
Abstract Earth-based materials are eco-friendly and harmless to the environment but have been neglected and relegated, and preference is given to non-sustainable and expensive conventional materials owing to certain factors. Existing studies in the Nigerian context did not consider the factors hindering the use of earthen materials in urban low-cost housing production. This study presents the outcome of examining the inhibitors to the adoption of earth-based materials in urban housing construction from the perspective of design experts in a developing country like Nigeria. Thus, it fills the critical literature gap in the Nigerian context. A well-structured quantitative questionnaire was utilised to collect data from construction design experts using the snowball sampling technique via electronic means. With a reliability index of 0.899, The gathered data were analysed using frequencies, percentages, Mean score, normalisation value technique, Mann-Whitney U test, overlap analysis, and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). It was found that the major barriers to the use of earth materials in urban housing production are (i) image and aesthetic barriers, (ii) Knowledge and resistance barriers, (iii) technology and data barriers, (iv) strength and maintenance barriers, and (v) demand and demographic barriers. More training and workshops were advocated to increase knowledge of the environmental and economic benefits of these materials among stakeholders to influence their interest and the market for earthen materials' acceptability and usage in housing production in urban areas.[...] Read more. Full text
Civil Sustain. Urban Eng. 2023, 3(2), pp 138‒147; https://doi.org/10.53623/csue.v3i2.3390 views
Abstract The escalating global demand for forest products, driven by economic growth and a growing population, has led to increased forest conversion activities. Forest conversion involves transforming forested areas to meet industrial demands, resulting in severe ecological consequences. This review focuses on the state of soil erosion practices in Malaysia, which is a pressing issue with wide-ranging impacts on soil health, agricultural sustainability, and the environment. Malaysia's geographical location exposes it to the El Nino phenomenon, characterized by disrupted climate patterns and altered rainfall intensities, indirectly contributing to soil erosion. During El Nino events, diminished vegetation cover, primarily due to rainfall deficits, increases soil susceptibility to erosion, emphasizing the need for adaptive erosion control measures. Soil erosion poses a significant challenge to the sustainability of agriculture and terrestrial ecosystems. Malaysia has made efforts to address this issue by implementing soil and water conservation practices like terraces, grassed waterways, strip cropping, and conservation tillage, which effectively reduce erosion rates. However, these methods face challenges due to the variations in natural erosion rates driven by extreme events. Additionally, the conversion of natural forests to economic forests remains an underexplored concern in Malaysia, hindering the development of tailored soil erosion control strategies. Addressing soil erosion demands a comprehensive approach that includes research, policy support, and empowering farmers to adopt soil conservation practices. Soil erosion affects ecosystems, water resources, and urban development, necessitating multifaceted solutions to preserve both environmental sustainability and agricultural productivity in the face of evolving environmental challenges.[...] Read more. Full text
Civil Sustain. Urban Eng. 2023, 3(2), pp 148‒162; https://doi.org/10.53623/csue.v3i2.3350 views
Abstract Urbanization and population density surges globally have triggered environmental challenges, with the construction sector notably contributing to greenhouse gas emissions and high energy consumption. Urban expansion has exacerbated issues, converting green spaces into impermeable structures and heightening flood risks. Green roofs have emerged as an eco-friendly solution, excelling in stormwater management, mitigating the urban heat island effect, enhancing air quality, reducing noise transmission, preserving biodiversity, extending roof lifespan, and augmenting aesthetics. They absorb rainwater, decreasing stormwater runoff, yet entail higher installation and maintenance costs and potential fire hazards compared to conventional roofs. In Malaysia, government policies and incentives drive green roof adoption, particularly in residential, commercial, and institutional buildings, predominantly of the intensive green roof type. Buildings undergo green rating tool evaluations for green certification. Despite progress, challenges persist, including expertise shortages, lack of design guidelines, limited research, low public awareness, and green roof component disposal issues. Addressing these demands significant government efforts, including robust policy development, increased support for local companies, expanded research initiatives, heightened public awareness, and optimized synergy with other technologies. Integrating green roofs with solar panels and utilizing greywater for irrigation can reduce energy and water consumption concurrently, showcasing potential for comprehensive and sustainable urban development.[...] Read more. Full text