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Engineered Nanoparticles for Wastewater Treatment System

by Tara Hafiz Rayhan 1 , Chi Nam Yap 2 , Arma Yulisa 3 , Rubiyatno 4 , Irina Popescu 5 , Jose Arturo Alvarez 6 , Risky Ayu Kristanti 7
1 Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
2 Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Science, Curtin University Malaysia, CDT250, Miri 98009, Malaysia
3 Division Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea.
4 Integrated Graduate School of Medicine, Engineering and Agricultural Sciences, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 400-8511, Japan.
5 Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, 11 Carol I Boulevard, Iasi, 700506, Romania.
6 Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Portoviejo, C.P. EC130105, Ecuador.
7 Research Center for Oceanography, National Research and Innovation Agency, Jakarta 14430, Indonesia.

SUBMITTED: 25 August 2022; ACCEPTED: 06 October 2022; PUBLISHED: 10 October 2022

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Industrial and commercial use of engineered nanoparticles is rising. Less care is given to the negative effects on the environment and wastewater treatment systems, which could release hazardous pathogens and microorganisms and threaten human health. Due to their size and features, artificial nanoparticles can easily enter wastewater systems and impair treatment. This paper aimed to focus on nanoparticle detection limitations and their effects on wastewater treatment technologies. Nanoparticles have the potential to be utilised in the treatment of waste water. By virtue of its exceptionally high surface area, it can effectively remove poisonous metal ions, microorganisms that cause disease, as well as organic and inorganic solutes from water. Various groups of nanomaterials, such as metal-containing nanoparticles, carbonaceous nanomaterials, zeolites, and dendrimers, have been demonstrated to be effective for water purification. Composites are two or more materials assembled synthetically. Nanocomposites are vital for environmental rehabilitation because pollution is one of the world's biggest concerns and polluted water management. Population growth has increased the need for clean water. This includes ceramics, metal-based polymers, carbon, and iron-based graphene. Nanocomposites such as carboxyl methyl may adsorb a heavy metal ion and pesticide at a satisfactory rate. This study found that nanocomposites are good for restoring the environment and can be used in countries with low incomes.

Keywords: Heavy metal; pesticides; nanocomposites; environmental remediation; waste removal; advanced remediation processes

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License
© 2022 Tara Hafiz Rayhan, Chi Nam Yap, Arma Yulisa, Rubiyatno, Irina Popescu, Jose Arturo Alvarez, Risky Ayu Kristanti. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Rayhan, T. H. ., Yap, C. N., Yulisa, A. ., Rubiyatno, Popescu, I. ., Alvarez, J. A. ., & Kristanti, R. A. . (2022). Engineered Nanoparticles for Wastewater Treatment System. Civil and Sustainable Urban Engineering, 2(2), 56–66.
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