Skip to main content
Search for Articles:
Civil and Sustainable Urban Engineering
Share

Open Access Review

Navigating Soil Erosion Challenges in Malaysia: Insights, Prospects, and Solutions

by Edenver Chin 1 , Rabin Maharjan 2 , Nikita Emalya 3
1 Department of Civil and Construction Engineering, Curtin University, CDT 250, Miri, Malaysia
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Institute of Engineering, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
3 School of Engineering and Digital Science, Qabanbay Batyr Ave 53, Astana 010000, Kazakhstan

SUBMITTED: 25 October 2023; ACCEPTED: 30 November 2023; PUBLISHED: 4 December 2023

Submission to final decision takes 35 days.


Get rights and content
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Abstract

Abstract

The escalating global demand for forest products, driven by economic growth and a growing population, has led to increased forest conversion activities. Forest conversion involves transforming forested areas to meet industrial demands, resulting in severe ecological consequences. This review focuses on the state of soil erosion practices in Malaysia, which is a pressing issue with wide-ranging impacts on soil health, agricultural sustainability, and the environment. Malaysia's geographical location exposes it to the El Nino phenomenon, characterized by disrupted climate patterns and altered rainfall intensities, indirectly contributing to soil erosion. During El Nino events, diminished vegetation cover, primarily due to rainfall deficits, increases soil susceptibility to erosion, emphasizing the need for adaptive erosion control measures. Soil erosion poses a significant challenge to the sustainability of agriculture and terrestrial ecosystems. Malaysia has made efforts to address this issue by implementing soil and water conservation practices like terraces, grassed waterways, strip cropping, and conservation tillage, which effectively reduce erosion rates. However, these methods face challenges due to the variations in natural erosion rates driven by extreme events. Additionally, the conversion of natural forests to economic forests remains an underexplored concern in Malaysia, hindering the development of tailored soil erosion control strategies. Addressing soil erosion demands a comprehensive approach that includes research, policy support, and empowering farmers to adopt soil conservation practices. Soil erosion affects ecosystems, water resources, and urban development, necessitating multifaceted solutions to preserve both environmental sustainability and agricultural productivity in the face of evolving environmental challenges.

Keywords: Soil erosion practices; Ecological consequences; El Nino phenomenon; soil conservation strategies; Environmental sustainability

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License
© 2023 Edenver Chin, Rabin Maharjan, Nikita Emalya. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share and Cite

ACS Styles
APA Styles
Chin, E. ., Maharjan, R. ., & Emalya, N. (2023). Navigating Soil Erosion Challenges in Malaysia: Insights, Prospects, and Solutions. Civil and Sustainable Urban Engineering, 3(2), 138‒147. https://doi.org/10.53623/csue.v3i2.339
MLA Styles
Find Other Styles

Ngieng, H. Y.; Hadibarata, T.; Rubiyatno (2021). Utilization of Construction and Demolition Waste and Environmental Management Practice in South East Asian Countries. Tropical Aquatic and Soil Pollution, 1, 46‒61. https://doi.org/10.53623/tasp.v1i1.13.

Pimentel, D.; Harvey, C.; Resosudarmo, P.; Sinclair, K. et al. (1995). Environmental and economic costs of soil erosion and conservation benefits. Science, 267, 1117‒1123. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.267.5201.1117.

Mahmud, M.; Ahmad, N.H. (2018). Peristiwa el nino, keragaman hujan dan potensi southern oscillation index untuk peramalan kualiti udara di malaysia (El nino events, rainfall and potential of southern oscillation index for air quality forecasts in malaysia). Geografia, 14, 13‒25.

Zhu, X.; Lin, J.; Dai, Q.; Xu, Y.; Li, H. (2019). Evaluation of forest conversion effects on soil erosion, soil organic carbon and total nitrogen. Forests, 10, 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10050433.

Orgiazzi, A.; Panagos, P. (2018). Soil biodiversity and soil erosion: It is time to get married: Adding an earthworm factor to soil erosion modelling. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27, 1155‒1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12782.

Sriwati, M.; Pallu, S.; Selintung, M.; Lopa, R. (2018). Bioengineering technology to control river soil erosion using vetiver. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 140, 012040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/140/1/012040.

Saggau, P.; Kuhwald, M.; Hamer, W. B.; Duttmann, R. (2022). Are compacted tramlines underestimated features in soil erosion modeling? A catchment‐scale analysis using a process‐based soil erosion model. Land Degradation & Development, 33, 452‒469. https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.4161.

Skura, E.; Kristo, I.; Tota, O.; Sallaku, F. (2017). Modeling of soil erosion intensity and estimation of soil erosion risk in upper part of shkumbini watershed in albania. Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 16, 67‒72.

Benchettouh, A.; Kouri, L.; Jebari, S. (2017). Spatial estimation of soil erosion risk using RUSLE/GIS techniques and practices conservation suggested for reducing soil erosion in wadi mina watershed (northwest, algeria). Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 10, 1‒14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-017-2875-6.

Kuwabara, T.; Iwamoto, K.; Hara, H.; Yamaguchi, T.; Mohamad, S. E.; Abdullah, N. et al. (2021). Prevention of soil erosion using microalgae in malaysia. IOP Conference Series. Materials Science and Engineering, 1051, 012047. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/1051/1/012047.

Osunbitan, J.A.; Oyedele, D.J.; Adekalu, K.O. (2005). Tillage effects on bulk density, hydraulic conductivity and strength of a loamy sand soil in southwestern nigeria. Soil & Tillage Research, 82, 57‒64.

Noor, N.M.; Samat, N.; Mahamud, M.A.; Maprasulle, S.A. (2019). Mapping Rice Growing Area In Northern Region Of Peninsular Malaysia Using Gis-Rs. In Role(s) and Relevance of Humanities for Sustainable Development, Vol 68.; Mat Akhir, N.S., Sulong, J., Wan Harun, M.A., Muhammad, S., Wei Lin, A.L., Low Abdullah, N.F., Pourya Asl, M., Eds.; European Proceedings of Social and Behavioural Sciences, pp. 46‒54. https://doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2019.09.5.

Mairghany, M.; Yahya, A.; Adam, N.M.; Mat Su, A.S.; Aimrun, W.; Elsoragaby, S. (2019). Rotary tillage effects on some selected physical properties of fine textured soil in wetland rice cultivation in malaysia. Soil & Tillage Research, 194, 104318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2019.104318.

Nandan, R.; Singh, S.S.; Kumar, V.; Singh, V.; Hazra, K.K.; Nath, C.P.; et al. (2018). Crop establishment with conservation tillage and crop residue retention in rice-based cropping systems of eastern india: Yield advantage and economic benefit. Paddy and Water Environment, 16, 477‒492. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10333-018-0641-3.

Chen, G.; Zhang, Z.; Guo, Q.; Wang, X.; Wen, Q. (2019). Quantitative assessment of soil erosion based on CSLE and the 2010 national soil erosion survey at regional scale in yunnan province of china. Sustainability, 11, 3252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123252.

Lowery, B.; Cox, C.; Lemke, D.; Nowak, P.; Olson, K.; Strock, J. (2009). The 2008 midwest flooding impact on soil erosion and water quality: Implication for soil erosion control practices. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 64, 166. https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.64.6.166A.

Pradhan, B.; Chaudhari, A.; Adinarayana, J.; Buchroithner, M.F. (2012). Soil erosion assessment and its correlation with landslide events using remote sensing data and GIS: A case study at penang island, malaysia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184, 715‒727. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-011-1996-8.

Razali, A.; Syed Ismail, S.N.; Awang, S. et al.2018). Land use change in highland area and its impact on river water quality: a review of case studies in Malaysia. Ecological Process, 7, 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13717-018-0126-8.

Mozaffari, H.; Rezaei, M.; Ostovari, Y. (2021). Soil sensitivity to wind and water erosion as affected by land use in southern iran. Earth, 2, 287. https://doi.org/10.3390/earth2020017.

Yasnolob, I.O.; Pysarenko, V.M.; Chayka, T.O.; Gorb, O.O.; Pestsova-Svitalka, O.; Kononenko, Z.A.; Pomaz, O.M. (2018). Ecologization of tillage methods with the aim of soil fertility improvement. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8, 280‒286. https://doi.org/10.15421/2018_339.

Sher, A.; Muhammad, Y.A.; Ul-Allah, S.; Sattar, A.; Ijaz, M.; Manaf, A. et al. (2021). Conservation tillage improves productivity of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) under reduced irrigation on sandy loam soil. PLoS One, 16, e0260673. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260673.

Bhatt, R. 2017. Zero tillage impacts on soil environment and properties. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences, 10, 01‒19.

Yoshitake, S.; Uchida, M.; Koizumi, H.; Kanda, H.; & Nakatsubo, T. (2010). Production of biological soil crusts in the early stage of primary succession on a high arctic glacier foreland. New Phytologist, 186, 451‒460. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03180.x.

Green, L.E.; Porras-Alfaro, A.; & Sinsabaugh, R.L. (2008). Translocation of nitrogen and carbon integrates biotic crust and grass production in desert grassland. Journal of Ecology, 96, 1076‒1085. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2008.01388.x.

Zaady, E.; Kuhn, U.; Wilske, B.; Sandoval-Soto, L.; & Kesselmeier, J. (2000). Patterns of CO (sub 2) exchange in biological soil crusts of successional age. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 32, 959‒966. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(00)00004-3.

Breen, K.; Levesque, E. (2008). The influence of biological soil crusts on soil characteristics along a high arctic glacier foreland, nunavut, canada. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 40, 287‒297. https://doi.org/10.1657/1523-0430(07-024)[BREEN]2.0.CO;2.

Vanacker, V.; Molina, A.; Rosas, M. A.; Bonnesoeur, V.; Román-Dañobeytia, F.; Ochoa-Tocachi, B.; & Buytaert, W. (2022). The effect of natural infrastructure on water erosion mitigation in the andes. Soil, 8, 133‒147. https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-8-133-2022.

Montoya, J.P.G.; Juan Vicente, G.C.; Vanwalleghem, T. (2021). Climate and land use change effects on sediment production in a dry tropical forest catchment. Water, 13, 2233. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13162233.

Belnap, J. (2002). Nitrogen fixation in biological soil crusts from southeast utah, USA. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 35, 128‒135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00374-002-0452-x.

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal statistics, click here.